Professor of Sociology
Professor Chaves specializes in the sociology of religion. Most of his research is on the social organization of religion in the United States. Among other projects, he directs the National Congregations Study (NCS), a wide-ranging survey of a nationally representative sample of religious congregations conducted in 1998, 2006-07, and 2012. NCS results have helped us to better understand many aspects of congregational life in the United States. Professor Chaves is the author of American Religion: Contemporary Trends (Princeton, 2011), Congregations in America (Harvard, 2004), Ordaining Women: Culture and Conflict in Religious Organizations (Harvard, 1997), and many articles.
Best Article Award for “Does Government Funding Suppress Nonprofits’ Political Activity?” (co-authored with Laura Stephens and Joseph Galaskiewicz).. Academy of Management, Public and Nonprofit Division. 2005
Award for Outstanding Article in the Nonprofit and Voluntary Sector Quarterly for “Congregations and Social Services: What They Do, How They Do It, and With Whom” (co-authored with William Tsitsos).. Association for Research on Nonprofit Organizations and Voluntary Action. 2002
Wave IV of the National Congregations Study awarded by Lilly Endowment, Inc. (Principal Investigator). 2016 to 2019
National Congregations Study and Clergy Compensation Dissemination awarded by Lilly Endowment, Inc. (Principal Investigator). 2013 to 2017
Wave III of the National Congregations Study awarded by Lilly Endowment, Inc. (Principal Investigator). 2011 to 2014
Congregational Decision-Making about Clergy Compensation awarded by Lilly Endowment, Inc. (Principal Investigator). 2010 to 2014
A Proposal to Enhance the Third Wave of the National Congregations Study awarded by Louisville Institute (Principal Investigator). 2012 to 2013
National Congregational Study-Wave III awarded by Pew Research Center (Principal Investigator). 2011 to 2013
Chaves, M. American religion contemporary trends: contemporary trends. Princeton, N.J: Princeton University Press, 2011.
Chaves, M. Congregations in America. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press, 2004.
Chaves, M, Chaves, M, Miller, S, Chaves, M, and Miller, SL. .Financing American ReligionFinancing American religion. Ed. M Chaves and SL Miller. Walnut Creek, CA: AltaMira Press, 1999.
Chaves, M. Ordaining Women: Culture and Conflict in Religious Organizations. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press, 1997.
Chaves, MA. "God’s Potters: Pastoral Leadership and the Shaping of Congregations, by Jackson W. Carroll." Journal for the Scientific Study of Religion 46 (2007): 136-137.
Chaves, MA. "The Newer Deal: Social Work and Religion in Partnership, by Ram A. Cnaan, with Robert J. Wineburg and Stephanie C. Boddie." Sociology of Religion 62 (2001): 132-133.
Chaves, MA. "Bowling Alone: The Collapse and Revival of American Community, by Robert D. Putnam." Christian Century July 19-26 (2000): 754-756.
Chaves, MA. "American Evangelicalism: Embattled and Thriving, by Christian Smith, with others." Christian century (Chicago, Ill. : 1902) (February 24, 1999): 227-229.
Chaves, MA. "One Nation, After All. What Middle-Class Americans Really Think About: God, Country, Family, Racism, Welfare, Immigration, Homosexuality, Work, The Right, The Left, and Each Other, by Alan Wolfe." Religion & Values in Public Life 7 (1998): 1-2.
Chaves, MA. "Feminization of the Clergy in America: Occupational and Organizational Perspectives, by Paula Nesbitt." Contemporary sociology 27 (1998): 485-486.
Chaves, MA. "The Catholic Philanthropic Tradition in America, by Mary J. Oates, and The Catholic Ethic in American Society: An Exploration of Values, by John E. Tropman." Nonprofit and Voluntary Sector Quarterly 27 (1998): 95-98.
Chaves, MA. "Resurgent Evangelicalism in the United States: Mapping Cultural Change Since 1970, by Mark A. Shibley." American Journal of Sociology 103 (1997): 468-470.
Chaves, MA. "Religious Institutions and Women’s Leadership: New Roles Inside the Mainstream, edited by Catherine Wessinger." Journal of Religion 77 (1997): 623-624.
Chaves, MA. "Jews on the Move: Implications for Jewish Identity, by Sidney Goldstein and Alice Goldstein." Contemporary sociology 26 (1997): 69-70.
Chaves, M. "Serendipity in the Study of Religion and Society." Studying Religion and Society. Abingdon, UK: Routledge, 2013. 105-115.
Chaves, M. "Religious Congregations." The State of Nonprofit America, Second Edition. Washington, DC: Brookings Institution Press, 2012. 362-393.
Chaves, M. "The Women that Publish the Tidings: The International Association of Women Ministers." Women in Twentieth Century Protestantism. Champaign-Urbana: University of Illinois Press, 2012. 257-275.
Chaves, M, and Anderson, S. "Continuity and Change in American Religion, 1972-2008." Social Trends in American Life: Findings from General Social Survey since 1972. Princeton: Princeton University Press, 2012. 212-239.
Chaves, M. "Congregations' Significance to American Civic Life." The Civic Life of American Religion. Stanford: Stanford University Press, 2009. 69-81.
Barman, E, and Chaves, M. "Strategy and Restructure in the United Church of Christ." Church, Identity, and Change. Grand Rapids, MI: William B. Eerdmans Publishing Co., 2005. 446-492.
Chaves, M, and Stephens, L. "Church Attendance in the United States." Handbook of the Sociology of Religion. New York: Cambridge University Press, 2003. 85-95.
Chaves, M. "Religious Congregations." The State of America's Nonprofit Sector. Washington, DC: Brookings Institution Press, 2002. 275-298.
Chaves, M, Giesel, H, and Tsitos, W. "Religious Variations in Public Presence: Evidence from the National Congregations Study." The Quiet Hand of God: Faith Based Activism and the Public Role of Mainline Protestantism. Berkely: University of California Press, 2002. 108-128.
Chaves, M. "Religious congregations and welfare reform: assessing the potential." Can charitable choice work?. Hartford, Conn: Trinity College, 2001. 121-139.
Schleifer, C, and Chaves, M. "Family Formation and Religious Service Attendance." Sociological Methods & Research 46.1 (January 2017): 125-152. Full Text
Chaves, M, and Eagle, A. "Congregations and Social Services: An Update from the Third Wave of the National Congregations Study." Religions 7.5 (May 2016): 55-55. Full Text
Voas, D, and Chaves, MA. "Is the United States a Counterexample to the Secularization Thesis?." American Journal of Sociology 121.5 (March 8, 2016): 1517-1556. Open Access Copy
Schleifer, C, and Chaves, M. "The Price of the Calling: Exploring Clergy Compensation Using Current Population Survey Data." Journal for the Scientific Study of Religion 55.1 (March 2016): 130-152. Full Text
Chaves, M, and Anderson, SL. "Changing American Congregations: Findings from the Third Wave of the National Congregations Study." Journal for the Scientific Study of Religion 53.4 (December 2014): 676-686. Full Text Open Access Copy
Frenk, SM, and Chaves, M. "Proportion of US congregations that have people living with HIV." J Relig Health 51.2 (June 2012): 371-380. Full Text
Frenk, SM, Anderson, SL, Chaves, M, and Martin, N. "Assessing the Validity of Key Informant Reports about Congregations Social Composition." SOCIOLOGY OF RELIGION 72.1 (2011): 78-90. Full Text
Chaves, M. "Thanks, but no thanks: congretations say no to the faith-based initiative." Christian Century 127.11 (June 1, 2010): 22-24.
Chaves, M, and Wineburg, B. "Did the Faith-Based Initiative Change Congregations?." NONPROFIT AND VOLUNTARY SECTOR QUARTERLY 39.2 (April 2010): 343-355. Full Text
Chaves, M. "Rain dances in the dry season: overcoming the religious congruence fallacy." Journal for the Scientific Study of Religion 49.1 (March 1, 2010): 1-14. (Academic Article) Open Access Copy
Chaves, MA, and Eagle, A. Clergy Compensation: National Trends and Local Realities. Durham: Duke University, Department of Sociology, 2016. Open Access Copy
Chaves, M, Anderson, S, and Byassee, J. American Congregations at the Beginning of the 21st Century: A Report from the National Congregations Study. Department of Sociology: Duke University, 2008.
Chaves, M. How Do We Worship? A Report from the National Congregation Study. Washington, DC: Alban Institute Press, 1999.
Chaves, M. Congregations' Social Service Activities. Washington, DC: The Urban Institute, 1999.
Chaves, M. Secular Ties of Elite Religious Professionals from 1912-1982. Harvard University: Center for Research on Politics and Social Organization, 1988.
Chaves, MA. "Faith Futures: An Interview with Mark Chaves." Reflections (Yale Divinity School magazine) 96.No. 2 (2011): 15-19. (Interview)
Chaves, M. "American Religion Infographics." (2010).
Chaves, M. "Faith-Based Fallacies: Bush's Initiative Overlooks the Realities of Church Charity in America." (2001): A-15.
Chaves, M. "Assessing the Assumptions Behind the Charitable Choice Initiative." (2001).
Chaves, M. "How Do We Worship." A Report from the National Congregations Study (1999).
Mark Chaves, . "American Evangelicalism: Embattled and Thriving." The Christian Century 116.6 (1999): 227-.
Chaves, M. "Feminization of the Clergy in America: Occupational and Organizational Perspectives." Contemporary Sociology 27.5 (1998): 485-486. (Review)
Chaves, M. "Religious Institutions and Women's Leadership: New Roles inside the Mainstream." The Journal of Religion 77.4 (1997): 623-624.
Chaves, M. "Jews on the Move: Implications for Jewish Identity." Contemporary Sociology 26.1 (1997): 69-70. (Review)
Chaves, M. "Resurgent Evangelicalism in the United States: Mapping Cultural Change Since 1970." The American Journal of Sociology 103.2 (1997): 468-470. (Review)