Carol L. Meyers
  • Carol L. Meyers

  • Mary Grace Wilson Professor of Religion
  • Religious Studies
  • 227 Gray Bldg, Durham, NC 27708
  • Campus Box 90964
  • Phone: (919) 660-3514
  • Fax: (919) 660-3530
  • Overview

    CAROL MEYERS (at Duke since 1977) was educated at Wellesley and at Brandeis, where she received her Ph.D. (1975) in Near Eastern and Judaic Studies. She holds the Mary Grace Wilson Professorship in Religion and is an affilated faculty member of Duke's Women's Studies Program. A specialist in biblical studies and archaeology, she is a prominent scholar in the study of women in the biblical world. She has authored or co-authored eleven books and has edited or co-edited five others. In collaboration with Dr. Eric Meyers, she has written Haggai-Zechariah 1-8 and Zechariah 9-14 for Doubleday's Anchor Bible series. Also with E. Meyers, she has published three major archaeological reports and is working on several more. Her book Discovering Eve is a landmark study of women in ancient Israel; and her reference book, Women in Scripture, is the most comprehensive study ever made of women in Jewish and Christian scriptures. Active in several scholarly organizations, she is a trustee of the American Schools of Oriental Research and of the Albright Institute of Archaeological Reseach. She also serves on the board of directors of the Dead Sea Scrolls Foundaton and is president-elect of the Society of Biblical Literature.
  • Specialties

    • Hebrew Bible
    • Judaism
  • Research Summary

    Archaeology of the Biblical World; Social History of Ancient Israel; Gender In Ancient Near East
  • Education

      • Ph.D.,
      • Near Eastern and Judaic Studies,
      • Brandeis University,
      • 1975
      • MA,
      • Brandeis University,
      • 1967
      • BA,
      • Wellesley College,
      • 1964
  • Awards, Honors and Distinctions

      • P. E. Macalister Field Archaeology Award,
      • American Schools of Oriental Research,
      • November 2014
      • Commendation for work on "el mundo jdueochristianeo antiguo",
      • Anahuac University, Mexico City,
      • October 2014
      • Deans’ commendation for Teaching Excellence,
      • Duke University,
      • January 2013
      • IN PRINT,
      • Duke Universiy Women's Studies,
      • January 2013
      • Deans’ commendation for Teaching Excellence,
      • Duke University,
      • January 2010
      • Outstanding Service in Mentoring,
      • Society of Biblical Literature and the Committee on the Status of Women in the Profession,
      • November 2008
      • Mary Grace Wilson Professorship in Religion,
      • Duke University,
      • 2002–
      • Education Endowment Award,
      • Women’s Institute for Continuing Jewish Education,
      • January 2001
      • Alumnae Achievement Award,
      • Wellesley College,
      • January 1999
      • Wellesley College Alumnae Achievement Award,
      • 0 1999
      • International Corresponding Fellow,
      • Ingeborg Rennert Center for Jerusalem Studies, Bar Ilan University (Israel),
      • 1998–
      • Alumni Distinguished Undergraduate Teaching Award Nominee,
      • Duke University,
      • January 1994
      • Severinghaus Award,
      • Wellesley College,
      • January 1991
      • Fellowships for University Teachers,
      • National Endowment for the Humanities,
      • January 1990
      • Howard Foundation Fellowship for Independent Research,
      • George A. and Eliza Gardner Foundation, at Brown University,
      • January 1985
      • Independent Study and Research Fellowship,
      • National Endowment for the Humanities,
      • January 1982
      • Wellesley College Scholar,
      • Welelsley College,
      • January 1964
  • Selected Publications

      • CL Meyers and EM Meyers.
      • Excavations at Ancient Nabratein: Synagogue and Environs.
      • Meiron Excavation Project,
      • Winona Lake, IN:
      • Eisenbrauns for the American Schools of Oriental Research,
      • 2009.
      • (with Eric Meyers).
      • CL Meyers.
      • Exodus.
      • New Cambridge Bible Commentary Series.,
      • Cambridge University Press,
      • 2005.
      • Households and Holiness: The Religious Culture of Israelite Women.
      • Facets,
      • Fortress Press,
      • 2005.
      • CL Meyers.
      • "Women in Scripture: A Dictionary of Named and Unnamed Women in the Hebrew Bible, the Apocryphal/Deuterocanonical Books, and the New Testament."
      • manual
      • .
      • Ed. Meyers, CL.
      • Houghton Mifflin,
      • (2000)
      • .
      • (paperback edition: Grand Rapids, MI: Wm. B. Eerdmans, 2001)
      Publication Description

      "An Introduction to the Bible: Critical Biblical Scholarship" and “The Hebrew Bible," pp. 1-11 in ibid Major entries in ibid: “Eve,” pp. 79–82; “Rebekah,” pp. 143–144; “Female Images of God in the Hebrew Bible,” pp. 525–28. Named Women, medium to short entries, in ibid:“Adah 1,” p. 46; “Ahlai,” p. 49; “Basemath 2,” p. 57; “Deborah 1,” pp. 65–66; “Iscah,” p. 97; “Jochebed,” p. 103; “Mara,” p. 114; “Naamah 1,” p. 129; “Tamar 3,” pp. 164–165; “Zillah,” p. 169. Unnamed Women, medium to short entries, in ibid: “Wife of Cain (Gen 4:17),” pp. 175–176; “Daughters (and Sons) of Adam, Seth, Enoch, Kenan, Mahalel, Jared, Enoch, and Methuselah (Gen 5:4, 7, 10, 13, 16, 19, 22, 26),” p. 176; “Daughters (and Sons) of Shem, Arpachshad, Shelah, Peleg, Reu, Sereg, and Nahor (Gen 11:10–11, 13, 15, 17, 19, 21, 23, 25),” p. 178; “Female (and Male) Slaves (Gen 12:16; 20:14; 24:35; 30:43; 32:5; Exod 11:5; 1 Sam 25:41; 2 Kgs 5:26; Esth 7:4,” pp. 178–179; “Wife and Female Slaves of Abimelech (Gen 20:17),” pp. 179–180; “Women Drawing Water (Gen 24:11, 13),” p. 180; “Mother of Rebekah (Gen 24:53-60),” pp. 180–181; “Maids of Rebekah (Gen 24:61),” p. 181; “Daughters of Laban to Be Jacob’s Only Wives (Gen 31:50),” pp. 181–182; “Daughters/Women of the Region; Daughters of the Jacob Group (Gen 34:1, 9, 16, 21, 29),” p. 182; “Midwife (Gen 35:17; 38:28),” pp. 182–183; “Daughters (and Sons) of Jacob (Gen 37:35),” pp. 183–184; “Hebrew Female Babies in Egypt (Exod 1:19; 2:7),” p. 185; “Attendants of the Daughter of Pharaoh (Exod 2:5),” p. 186; “Seven Daughters of the Priest of Midian” (Exod 2:16-20),” p. 187; “Daughters (and Sons) of Israelites in Egypt (Exod 3:22),” pp. 187-188; “Women (and Men) with Jewelry and Clothing (Exod 3:22; 11:2; 32:2-3; 35:22-24, 29; 36:2-7),” p. 188; “Egyptian Women (Exod 3:22; 11: 2),” pp. 188- 189; “Women with Hand-Drums, Dancing (Exod 15:20; 1 Sam 18:6-7; 2 Sam 1:20; Ps 68: 25; Jer 31:4, 13),” pp. 189-191; “Daughters (and Sons) of a Hebrew Slave (Exod 21:4-5),” p. 192; “Mother (or Father) Cursed or Struck by Offspring (Exod 21:15, 17; Lev 20: 9),” pp. 194-195; “Woman Caused to Miscarry (Exod 21:22-23),” p. 195; “Female Sorcerer (Exod 22:18; Isa 57:3),” p. 197; “Barren Woman (Exod 23:26; Job 24:21; Ps 113:9; Isa 54:1),” pp. 199-200; “Daughters of the Inhabitants of the Land as Marriage Partners (Exod 34:16; Gen 24:3; 27:46; 28:1, 6, 8; Deut 7:3; Josh 23:12-13; Judg 3:5-6),” pp. 200-201; “Skilled Women (and Men) (Exod 35:25-26; 36:6),” pp. 201-202; “Women at the Entrance to the Tent of Meeting (Exod 38:8; 1 Sam 2:22),” p. 202; “Person (Female or Male) Presenting an Offering (Lev 2:1; also Lev 4:2, 27; 5:1-2, 4, 15, 17, 21, 25, 27; 23: 29-30B; Num 5: 6; 15: 27, 30; 19:22; 31:19; 35:11, 15, 30B),” p. 203; “Daughters (and Sons) of a Priest (Lev 10: 14-15; 22: 12-13; Num 18:11, 19),” p. 203; “Blemished Women (and Men) (Lev 13:29, 38; Num 5:2-4),” pp. 204-205; “Women as Legitimate Sexual Partners for Men; Women (and Men) Prohibited from Practicing Bestiality (Lev 18: 22, 23; 20:16),” pp. 208-209; “Women as Bread Bakers (Lev 26:26),” pp. 213-214; “Mother (and Father) Cannibalizing Their Daughters (and Sons) (Lev 26:29; Deut 28: 53-57; Jer 19:9; Lam 2:20; 4:10),” pp. 214-15; “Female (and Male) Valuations in Votary Pledges (Lev 27: 2-8),” pp. 215-16; “Nurse (Num 11: 12),” p. 218; “Wives (and Children) as Booty (Num 14:3),” pp. 219-220; “Israelite Wives (Deut 3:19),” p. 223; “Sterile Female (and Male) (Deut 7:14),” pp. 223-24; “Daughters (and Sons) and Female (and Male) Slaves, Rejoicing (Deut 12:12; 16:11, 14),” p. 224; “Women (Daughter, Wife) (and Men: Brother, Son) Who Lead a Person to Idolatry (Deut 13:6),” pp. 225-226; “Women (and Men) Who Break the Covenant (Deut 17:2-5; 29:18),” p. 226; “Women in Distant Towns as Booty (Deut 20:14; 21:11-14),” pp. 227-228; “Mother (and Father) of Captive Women (Deut 21:13),” p. 228; “Mother (and Father) Dealing with a Rebellious Son (Deut 21:18-21),” p. 229; “Women’s (and Men’s) Clothing (Deut 22:5),” pp. 229-230; “Israelite Women in the Covenant Community (Deut 29:11; 31:12; Josh 8:35),” pp. 235-236; “Mother (and Father) of Levi (Deut 33:9),” p. 236; “Women (and Men) of Jericho and Ai (Josh 6:21; 8:25),” p. 237; “Daughters (and Sons) of Achan (Josh 7:24),” pp. 237-238; “Girls as Booty (Judg 5:30),” pp. 239-240; “Mother of Gideon (Judg 8:19),” p. 240; “Wives of Gideon (Judg 8:30),” p. 240; “Concubine of Gideon (Jerubbaal) (Judg 8:31; 9:1,3,18),” pp. 240-241; “Women (and Men) in the Tower of Shechem (Judg 9:49),” p. 241; “Women (and Men) in the Tower of Thebez (Judg 9:51),” p. 241; “Woman of Thebez (Judg 9:53-54; 2 Sam 11:21),” pp. 241-242; “Daughters of Israel Lamenting Jephthah’s Daughter (Judg 11:40),” pp. 244-245; “Daughters (and Sons) and Daughters-in-Law (and Sons-in-Law) of Ibzan (Judg 12:9),” p. 245; “Mother of Micah (Judg 17:1-4),” p. 248; “Women of Jabesh-gilead (Judg 21:10-14),” p. 251; “Mothers of Ruth and Orpah (Ruth 1:8; 2:11),” pp. 252-253; “Women of Bethlehem (Ruth 1:19; 4:14-15),” p. 253; “Young Women of Boaz (Ruth 2:8, 22; 3:2),” p. 253; “Women of the Neighborhood (Ruth 4:17),” p. 254; “Daughters as Perfumers, Cooks, and Bakers (1 Sam 8:13),” p. 255; “Childless Women (1 Sam 15:33),” p. 256; “Women Kept Away from David’s Men (1 Sam 21:4-5),” pp. 256-257; “Mother (and Father) of David (1 Sam 22:3-4),” p. 257; “Women (and Men) of Nob (1 Sam 22:19),” p. 258; “Maids of Abigail (1 Sam 25:42),” p. 258; “Women (Wives and Daughters [and Sons]) of Ziklag (1 Sam 30: 2-3, 6, 19, 22),” p. 259; “Weeping Daughters (2 Sam 1:24),” p. 260; “Women’s Love, Compared with That of Jonathan and David (2 Sam 1: 26),” p. 260; “Wives and Concubines of David, Taken in Jerusalem (2 Sam 5:13),” p. 261; “Women (and Men) of the Ark Ceremony (2 Sam 6:19),” p. 261; “Singing Women (and Men) (2 Sam 19:35); Eccl 2:8; 12:4),” p. 265-66; “Mother (and Father) of Barzillai (2 Sam 19:37),” p. 266; “Mother of Hiram (1 Kgs 7:13-14; 2 Chr 2:14),” p. 270; “Mother (and Father) of Elisha (1 Kgs 19:20),” p. 273; “Daughters (and Sons) of Heman (1 Chr 25:5-6),” p. 281; “Judean Women and Daughters (and Sons) Captured by Israelites (2 Chr 28:8, 10-15; 29:9),” p. 283; “Singing Women (and Men) Who Lament (2 Chr 35:25),” p. 284; “Young Women (and Men) Slaughtered (2 Chr 36:17),” p. 284; “Women (and Men and Children) in Assembly (Ezra 10:1),” p. 286; “Daughters (and Sons) and Wives in Rebuilt Jerusalem (Neh 4:14; 5:1-2, 5),” p. 287; “Women at Vashti’s Banquet (Esth 1:9),” pp. 289-290; “Women in the King’s Decree (Esth 3:13),” p. 291; “Woman (or Man) Going Unbidden to the King (Esth 4:11),” pp. 291-292; “Born of Woman (Job 14:1; 25:4),” pp. 293-94; “Sister and Mother (and Father) of Job (Job 17:14),” p. 294; “Serving Girls (and Male Servants) of Job (Job 19:15 [and 16]; 31:13),” p. 294; “Virgin (Job 31:1),” p. 295; “Sisters (and Brothers) of Job (Job 42:11),” p. 296; “Sisters (and Brothers) of the Psalmist (Ps 20:22),” p. 297; “Woman in Labor (Ps 48:7),” pp. 298-299; “Those Who Bear Tidings; Herald (Ps 68:11; Isa 40:9),” p. 299; “Women Dividing the Spoil (Ps 68:12),” p. 300; “Young Women (and Young Men) (Pss 78:63; 148:12),” p. 300; “Daughters Compared to Pillars (Ps 144:12),” p. 301; “Young and Old Women (and Men) (Ps 148:12),” p. 302; “Wise Woman Building Her House (Prov 14:1),” p. 306; “Daughters (NRSV, Servant Girls) (Prov 27:27; 31:15),” p. 307; “Women Who Grind (Eccl 12:3),” p. 310; “Women Looking Through Windows (Eccl 12:3),” p. 310; “Maidens (Song 1:3; 6:8-9),” p. 312; “Mother of Woman/Lover/ Shulammite (Song 1:6; 3:4; 6:9; 8:1-2),” pp. 313-314; “Mother of Solomon (Song 3:11),” p. 314; “Mother of Male Lover (Song 8:5),” p. 315; “Female (and Male) Slaves (Isa 14:2),” p. 319; “Women Making a Fire (Isa 27:11),” pp. 320-21; “Queens (Isa 49:23),” pp. 322-23; “Mother of Jeremiah (Jer 1:5; 15:10; 20:14, 17, 18),” p. 324; “Bride (and Bridegroom) (Jer 2:2, 32; 7:34; 16:9; 25:10; 33:11),” p. 324; “Mourning Women (Jer 9:17-20; Ezek 32:16),” pp. 327-28; “Sister (Jer 22:18),” p. 330; “Women (and Men) Remaining in the Land (Jer 40:7),” p. 331; “Mother of Priest (Hos 4:5),” pp. 344-345; “Daughters and Daughters-in-Law of Priest (Hos 4:13-14),” p. 345; “Young Women in Mourning (Joel 1:8),” p. 346; “Bride (and Bridegroom) (Joel 2:16),” pp. 346-347; “Female (and Male) Slaves (Joel 2:29),” p. 347; “Girls Sold for Wine (and Boys Traded for Prostitutes) (Joel 3:3),” p. 347; “Daughters (and Sons) to Be Sold by Judeans (Joel 3:8),” pp. 347-348; “Edomite Women (NRSV Pity) Cast Off (Amos 1:11),” p. 348; “Beautiful Young Women (and Young Men) (Amos 8:13),” pp. 356-357; “No Women Mentioned (Book of Obadiah),” p. 351; “No Women Mentioned (Book of Jonah),” pp. 351-52; “Daughter (and Son) and Daughter-in-Law; Mother (and Father) and Mother-in-Law (Mic 7:6),” pp. 352-353; “No Women Mentioned (Book of Habakkuk),” pp. 353-354; “No Women Mentioned (Book of Zephaniah),” p. 354; “No Women Mentioned (Book of Haggai),” p. 354; “Old Women (and Men) and Girls (and Boys) (Zech 8:4-5),” p. 355; “Young Women (and Men) (Zech 9:17,” p. 355; “Women of the Houses of David, Nathan, and Levi, and of the Shemites, and of All the Families (Zech 12:12-14),” p. 356; “Mothers (and Fathers) of False Prophets (Zech 13:2-3),” p. 356; “Sister Judah (Jer 3:7-10),” p. 541; “Sister Sodom and Her Daughters (Exek 16:46-61),” p. 541.

      • CL Meyers.
      • "Archologie als Fenster zum Leben von Frauen in Alt-Israel."
      • manual
      • .
      • Bibel—Alten Testament: Tora.
      • Ed. I Fischer and MN Puerto and A Taschl-Erber.
      • Bibel und die Frauen: Eine exegtisch-kulturgeschichtliche Enzyklopädie,
      • Stuttgart:
      • Kohlhammer,
      • (2009)
      • :
      • 63-109.
      • (German translation of: "Archaeolgoy as a Window to the Lives of Israelite Women." Volume 1.1 of 22 volumes, to be published in 4 languages.)
      • CL Meyers.
      • "In the Household and Beyond: The Social World of Israelite Women."
      • Nordic Journal of Theology
      • 63
      • Studia Theologica,
      • (2009)
      • :
      • 19-41.
      • CL Meyers.
      • "The Persian Period at Sepphoris."
      • manual
      • .
      • Ed. A Ben-Tor and IE al and S Gitin and R Reich.
      • (Ephraim Stern festschrift volume);,
      • Eretz Israel 29
      • Jerusalem:
      • Israel Exploration Society in cooperation with the Institute of Archaeology, Hebrew University of Jerusalem.,
      • (2009)
      • :
      • 136*-143*.
      • (with Eric Meyers)
      • CL Meyers.
      • "Women in the OT."
      • manual
      • .
      • New Interpreter’s Dictionary of the Bible..
      • Ed. KDSE al.
      • Volume 5,
      • Nashville, TN:
      • Abingdon Press,
      • (2009)
      • :
      • pp.879-882.
      • CL Meyers.
      • "Grinding to a Halt: Gender and the Changing Technology of Flour Production in Roman Galilee."
      • manual
      • .
      • Engendering Social Dynamics: the Archaeology of Maintenance Activities.
      • Ed. S Montón-Subías and M Sánchez-Romero.
      • Oxford:BAR International Series 1862.:
      • Archaeo Press,
      • (2008)
      • :
      • 65-74.
      • CL Meyers.
      • "Terracottas without Texts: Judean Pillar Figurines in Anthropological Perspective."
      • manual
      • .
      • To Break Every Yoke: Essays in Honor of Marvin L. Chaney.
      • Ed. RB Coote and NK Gottwald.
      • Sheffield Academic Press:
      • Sheffield Phoenix Press,
      • (2008)
      • :
      • 115-130.
      • ((Social World of Biblical Antiquity, Second Series, 3.)
      • CL Meyers.
      • "Engendering Ezekiel."
      • manual
      • .
      • Near Eastern Birkat Shalom Studies in the Bible, Ancient, and Postbiblical Judaism Presented to Shalom M.Paul on the Occasion of His Seventieth Birthday.
      • Ed. AH ChaimCohen and A Hurvitz and Y Muffs and BJ Schwartz and J Tigay.
      • 1
      • Winona Lake, Indiana:
      • Eisenbrauns,
      • (2008)
      • :
      • 281-297.
      • CL Meyers.
      • "Seven-Spout Oil Lamps in Ancient Palestine."
      • manual
      • .
      • Die Zahl Sieben imAlten Orient: Studien zur Zahlensymbolik in der Bibel und ihreraltorientalischen Umwelt (The Number Seven in the Ancient Near East: Studies on the Numerical Symbolism in Hebrew Bible and Its Ancient Near Eastern Environment.
      • Ed. GGG Reinhold.
      • Frankfurt am Maim:
      • Peter Lang,
      • (2008)
      • .
      • CL Meyers.
      • "Framing Aaron: Incense Altar and Lamp Oil in the Tabernacle Texts."
      • manual
      • .
      • Sacred History, Sacred Literature: Essays on Ancient Israel, the Bible, andReligion in Honor of R. E. Friedman on His Sixtieth Birthday.
      • Ed. S Dolansky.
      • Winona Lake, Indiana:
      • Eisenbrauns,
      • (2008)
      • :
      • 13-21.
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  • PhD Students

    • Stephen Wilson
      • 2007-present
    • Wilda C. Gafney
      • 2006
      • Status: Graduated
      • Thesis: Women Prophets in Ancient Israel with some Ancient Near Eastern Comparisons
  • Hymn
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